Surabaya is the capital city of the East Java province in Indonesia. It is the second-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, with a population of over 3 million people. Located on the northeastern coast of Java, Surabaya is an important center of trade, industry, and education in Indonesia.
The city has a long history, dating back to the 10th century when it was part of the Kingdom of Janggala. Over the centuries, Surabaya has been ruled by various kingdoms and empires, including the Majapahit Kingdom, the Demak Sultanate, and the Dutch East Indies Company. During World War II, Surabaya was the site of a major battle between Indonesian nationalists and British and Dutch forces.
Today, Surabaya is a modern and cosmopolitan city with a thriving economy. It is home to a number of important industries, including shipbuilding, petrochemicals, and electronics. The city is also a center of education, with several prestigious universities and research institutions.
Some popular attractions in Surabaya include the House of Sampoerna, a museum and cigarette factory, the Surabaya Zoo, the Tunjungan Plaza shopping mall, and the Heroes Monument, a memorial to the Indonesian nationalists who fought in the Battle of Surabaya. Surabaya is also known for its culinary scene, with a wide variety of traditional and modern dishes to try, such as rawon, sate, and lontong balap.